exampleforest is an example of forest stand description, whereas exampleforest2 is an alternative forest description where leaf area index and crown ratio are supplied instead of structural (density, DBH and cover) parameters.

Format

An object of class forest contains the description of the woody (tree or shrub) cohorts and herb layer of a forest patch. It has the following structure (see details):

  • treeData: A data frame of tree cohorts (in rows) and the following columns:

    • Species: String with species (taxon) name or a non-negative integer for tree species identity (i.e., 0,1,2,...) matching SpParams.

    • Height: Total tree height (in cm).

    • DBH: Tree diameter at breast height (in cm).

    • N: Density (number of individuals/hectare) that the measured tree represents.

    • Z50: Depth (in mm) corresponding to 50% of fine roots.

    • Z95: Depth (in mm) corresponding to 95% of fine roots.

  • shrubData: A data frame of shrub cohorts (in rows) and the following columns:

    • Species: String with species (taxon) name or a non-negative integer for shrub species identity (i.e., 0,1,2,...) matching SpParams.

    • Height: Average total height of plants (in cm).

    • Cover: Percent cover.

    • Z50: Depth (in mm) corresponding to 50% of fine roots.

    • Z95: Depth (in mm) corresponding to 95% of fine roots.

  • herbCover: Percent cover of the herb layer (optional).

  • herbHeight: Mean height (in cm) of the herb layer (optional).

  • seedBank: A data frame containing seed bank information with the following columns:

    • Species: String with species (taxon) name or a non-negative integer for tree species identity (i.e., 0,1,2,...) matching SpParams.

    • Percent: Amount of seeds in relation to full seed bank (in %).

Source

DGCN (2005). Tercer Inventario Forestal Nacional (1997-2007): Catalunya. Dirección General de Conservación de la Naturaleza, Ministerio de Medio Ambiente, Madrid.

Details

The structure presented above for forest objects corresponds to the required data elements. A forest object can contain additional information when this is available. Data frames treeData and shrubData can contain additional columns:

  • LAI: Leaf area index (m2/m2)

  • FoliarBiomass: Standing dry biomass of leaves (kg/m2)

  • FuelLoading: Fine fuel loading (kg/m2)

  • CrownRatio: The ratio between crown length and total height (between 0 and 1)

Similarly, one can define forest list elements herbLAI, herbFoliarBiomass or herbFuelLoading. All these values are used to override allometry-based estimates of those variables when initializing inputs for functions spwb or spwb_day. Note that leaf area index, foliar biomass and fuel loading are related entities, and they are treated as such in medfate. Therefore, users are expected to supply one or the other, and not all of them at the same time.

Examples

data(exampleforest)
data(exampleforest2)